The Difference Between Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance is Tax Planning…and,

Judge Learned Hand, circa 1910.

Federal Judge Learned Hand (circa 1910)

Federal Judge Learned Hand said in Helvering vs Gregory 69F (2d Cir. 1934), “anyone may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible:  he is not bound to choose that pattern which will best pay the treasury: there is not even a patriotic duty to increase one’s taxes.”

THIS CASE WAS AFFIRMED by the U. S. Supreme Court in Gregory vs Helvering, 293 U. S. 454 (1935).   The U. S. Supreme court further agreed, “The Legal right of a taxpayer to decrease the amount of what otherwise would be his taxes, or altogether avoid them by means which the law permits, cannot be doubted”.